Hailed as one of the three primitive sites in Tibet, Karuo Ruins are well worth exploring for those history buffs who are interested in Tibetan history.
Overview about Karuo Ruins
Karuo Ruin Site is located in the Changdu County southwest of the Tibet autonomous region. As a late Neolithic cultural site, the ruins date back to 4000 to 5000 years ago. Karuo Ruins were discovered in 1978, the first site discovered in Tibet area including more than 20 units of cultural relics found in the Neolithic site, covering a total area of about 10000 square meters. It is one of the three major cultural sites of the original archaeological circles in Tibet. The ruin site area is well preserved to this day, rich in relics. Unearthed items include pottery, stone, bone - experts also found a large number of carbonized corn and animal bones. 12 kilometers south of Changdu, in the Lancang River, Karuo ruin site sits on the terrace, 3100 meters above sea level. Karuo site boasts as the highest Neolithic site across China. The two excavation sites house 28, 7968 pieces of stone tools, bone tools 366, pottery more than 2 pieces, 50 pieces of ornaments, corn, animal bones, etc.
Archaeological value of the Relics
Karuo Ruin Site is a national key cultural relics protection unit, sitting near the upper reaches of the Lancang river as Chinese Neolithic site. The site is divided into early and late two sections, housing 28 house foundations. Round bottom housing, after the restoration, it is a conical shack architecture built with interior column and the surrounding inclined column. Semi underground style houses are built with four masonry walls, and in the upper floor built with another building, showing local characteristics and construction technology of the time. Pottery to decorative geometric patterns carved marks the most characteristic of architectural art back in the day. Experts also found plenty of crop millets and livestock remains. At the time, the primitive Tibetan people made living by regular hunting. In the unearthed sites more than 20 houses have been found, there are also many ancient people used stone tools and cereals, animal bones, which have important value on the study of the early history of Tibet. Karuo ruins were discovered in 1977. In the summer of 1978, the site was excavated with exposed area covers 230 square meters. In 1979, the site conducted second excavations, exposed area of 1570 square meters.
Overall, Karuo Site is not to be missed while visiting Tibet!
Tibet is filled with incredible landscapes which can be found all over the magnificent plateau. As a must-visit destination in Tibet, Yarlung Zangbo River makes for a perfect destination for adventure and exploration.
Overview of Yarlung Zangbo River
Yarlung Zangbo River is the longest Chinese plateau river, located in the Tibet autonomous region, hailed as the highest river in the world. Flowing in the southwest Tibet, north of Himalaya Range, Yarlung Zangbo River comes from Jie Ma Yangzong glacier, upstream called Maquan River, from west to east across the southern part of Tibet, around the eastern tip of Himalaya mountains Namjagbarwa turning south, through Pasighat flowing out of China. Rich in water reserves, in China Yarlung Zangbo River is second only to the Yangtze River in terms of water volume. The Yarlung Zangbo Grand Canyon is the first Grand Canyon in the world and according to Chinese world record association it is also the deepest and longest canyon in the world. According to the natural conditions, the Jianggan Valley morphology and flow changes, the main tributary can be divided into the Heyuan region, the upstream, midstream and downstream. From the end of Jie Ma Yangzong glacier to Li Zi is the upstream, the river is 268 kilometers long, covering 26570 square kilometers. The continuous snow capped mountains are laid on a stretch as far as eye can see with a green carpet of grass dotting in the middle of the land. The upper Maquan River Valley is an animal park, home to Tibetan antelope, blue sheep, wild yak, bears, wolves, foxes, rats, rabbits and other animals.
Cultural Delight near the River
Yarlung Zangbo River is birthplace of the ancient culture which has a long history of the river basin of Linzhi County, as the representative of the Neolithic culture. In Linzhi County and Medog County there were a large number of relics unearthed to prove the fact. The late Neolithic age, many tribes set root in Tibet. The Yarlung Zangbo River is not only the cradle of the birth and development of Tibet civilization, but also the cultural exchange between Han and Tibetan people. Tibetan Buddhist worship is very common and keen near the river. Where there are Buddhism believers, there will be a temple. The Yarlung Zangbo River Basin has many temples, whether in the canyon or deep mountains, temple bells could be heard. And the Yarlung Zangbo River Basin is beautiful, it feeds on both sides of fertile land, it is the cradle of culture of the Tibetan people.
Overall, Yarlung Zangbo River is worth exploring while visiting Tibet!
Tibet has long been hailed as the land of sunlight and it is home to a wide variety of Tibetan Buddhist temples and plateau landscapes. With a visit to Tibet, you can not only get a chance to explore the profound Tibetan Buddhist culture but also enjoy a safari. Here is the top safari destination in Tibet, called Lalu Wetland.
Overview of the Lalu Wetland
Lalu Wetland National Nature Reserve is located in the northwest corner of Lhasa City, the capital of the Tibet autonomous region. The average altitude of this region is about 3645 meters above sea level, covering an area of 620 hectares, of which the buffer zone area 3.39 square kilometers, the experimentation area 2.21 square kilometers, the core area occupying 11.5 of Lhasa city. Lalu Wetland National Nature Reserve is the largest city wetland nature reserve in China, and the highest in the world. About 6.6 kilometers north of the wetland is surrounded by mountains, the eastward extension of the Gangdise; In the northeast, it connects with the Liusha River; in the east it sits next to the Chengguan District Lalu Xiang residential area and Barr Ku Lu border; in the south it sits near Lhasa City, covering a total area of 6.2 square kilometers, is a typical plateau wetland. According to the classification system of Chinese wetland, it is a reed swamp. Lalu wetland each year absorbs 78800 tons of carbon dioxide, releasing 53700 tons of oxygen, hailed as lungs of Lhasa and natural oxygen bar.
Rich Natural Lives in Lalu Wetland
Because Lalu Wetland has a unique plateau climate, the area is a gathering place for aquatic species. Vertebrate species can also be found here, but mostly migratory species, such as black neck crane, red duck, etc. Birds include Tibet sandgrouse with brown back, bar headed goose, brown headed gull, silver gull, Hu Wujiu, a large number of Yaos in summer, like white crane, Dai Sheng, Bai Ling and snow finch. In winter the dominant species are the waterfowls, there are also a small number of black necked cranes. Mammals can be found in the swamp meadow, such as Tibetan fox, pika, hare, but with the changes in the environment only the burrow and pika can be found, other mammals have disappeared. Plateau frog is still the most common amphibian animal of the wetland, and the wild fish have largely been replaced by breeding species.
Overall, Lalu Wetland makes for a perfect safari option while visiting Tibet!